Bunions, also known as “hallux valgus,” are a foot condition experienced by many individuals. A bunion is characterized by a bony bump that develops at the joint at the base of the big toe. Bunions cause a misalignment of the toes as the big toe gradually bends and moves toward the smaller toes, forcing the affected joint to stick out. Smaller bunions, known as bunionettes, may form on the pinky toe. For expert care in addressing bunions and other foot conditions, Machado Foot & Ankle Center in Miami, FL, provides top-quality compassionate care and technologically advanced treatments to help you get back on your feet. Dr. Katherine Machado is a board-certified podiatrist of the American Board of Podiatric Medicine and is an active member of the American Diabetes Association (ADA).

What are the Causes and Symptoms of Bunions?

While the exact cause of bunions is unknown, there are several factors that can contribute to or exacerbate the growth of bunions, that include:

  • Genetics or heredity
  • Deformities present at birth
  • Stress or injury to the foot
  • Inflammatory arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis
  • Wearing high-heeled or ill-fitting shoes that are too tight or too narrow

Symptoms of bunions include swelling, soreness, or redness around the joint of the big toe, bulging of the big toe joint, limited movement of the big toe, pain, and corns or calluses, which may develop when the big toe rubs against the second toe.  

Though smaller bunions may not require medical treatment, individuals experiencing chronic pain, decreased movement of the big toe or foot, and a worsening bump on the joint of the big toe should seek the care of a podiatrist. Bunions may also create difficulty in finding comfortable, properly fitting shoes and can lead to bursitis, hammertoe, and metatarsalgia (swelling in the ball of the foot). If you have bunions and live in Miami, contact Machado Foot & Ankle Center for a qualified assessment and medical evaluation.

Treatments for Bunions

Treatments for bunions can include recommended lifestyle changes such as losing weight and wearing supportive footwear with inserts. Basic over-the-counter anti-inflammatories and icing can help reduce inflammation. For more serious cases, Dr. Machado may recommend surgery, and there are a number of surgical options available in her office. Your feet are one of the most important parts of your body and can greatly affect your quality of life. For bunions and other foot conditions, make an appointment with Machado Foot & Ankle Center in Miami today to ensure you maintain healthy and happy feet! Please call (305) 385-9494

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